Cold: one of the most common diseases in the winter season

What is cold

It is a disease that causes throat and nose infection, which is usually caused by various types of viruses.


A person gets cold when they come in contact with one of several types of viruses. Contagion can occur when a person with a cold coughs or sneezes and droplets penetrate a person's throat or nose without the disease. Therefore, the transmission of this disease occurs mainly by air. However, the virus can also spread through the hands of an infected person or even a towel or other cold virus contaminated object.

Main symptoms that may appear during a cold:

Cold symptoms usually appear 10 to 12 hours after a person is infected with the virus. Not always all the symptoms below usually appear, as it depends a lot on the type of virus and the reaction of the organism of the sick person.

- Runny nose with presence of aqueous mucus. After a few days the mucus may become thicker and greenish in color;

- Sneezing in large quantities during the day;

- Headache;

- Low to moderate fever (in adults) and high in children;

- frequent cough;

- Sore throat;

- Decreased taste and smell mainly due to nasal congestion and sore throat.

How to avoid (prevention):

- Avoid enclosed places, with little air circulation, and with the presence of many people;

- Always wash hands thoroughly with soap and water;

- When your hands are dirty, do not put them on your nose or mouth.


There are about 200 types of cold viruses.

- Children are the most susceptible to catching a cold.

- On average, a cold can last from one to two weeks.

Rest, healthy eating and fluid intake (especially water and fruit juice) help the body in the process of fighting the cold virus.

PLEASE NOTE: The information on this page is only for research and school work. Therefore, they should not be used for medical advice. To do so, see a doctor for guidance and proper treatment.